INFLIXIMAB

ELISA Infliximab kit

Infliximab ELISA (REF. 710001)

The apDia Infliximab ELISA is an enzyme linked immunosorbent assay intended for the quantitative determination of infliximab (IFX, Remicade®, anti-TNF-alpha) in human serum and plasma.

Therapeutic Drug Monitoring

Infliximab (IFX) is a chimeric antibody that targets the pro-inflammatory cytokine TNF-alpha. The introduction of infliximab has revolutionized the treatment of chronic inflammatory diseases like inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and spondyloarthritis. It has been shown that infliximab can induce deep remission and improve the patient’s quality of life1. Some patients do not respond to IFX therapy upon induction (primary non-responders), while others lose response over time (secondary non-responders2).

A drug can only exert its pharmacologic effect when adequate concentrations are achieved in the circulation. The serum concentration of infliximab just before the next infusion, defined as the trough concentration, has been used for therapeutic drug monitoring (TDM). Recent data on TDM have shown that a good clinical response is associated with adequate trough concentrations in IBD3 and RA4,5 patients. TDM may therefore be very instrumental to optimize treatment and to overcome secondary loss of response.

The apDia Infliximab ELISA uses a highly specific monoclonal antibody – clone 6B7, developed at the KU Leuven – that only detects infliximab (Remicade®). Other anti-TNF drugs (like adalimumab, golimumab) do not interfere with the measurement6. Biosimilars of Remicade® (Remsima®, Inflectra®, Flixabi®) are equally well quantified in the apDia Infliximab ELISA7. As an example of TDM, the use of infliximab trough concentration measurements in inflammatory bowel disease patients is described.

Inflammatory bowel disease

Infliximab is given at week 0, week 2 and week 6 (induction) and upon good clinical response at week 14, treatment is continued by infusions every 8 weeks (maintenance). The diagnostic value of therapeutic drug monitoring in IBD patients is described hereunder for both the induction as well as the maintenance phase.

Induction phase:

 It has been demonstrated that postinduction IFX trough concentrations (week 14) are associated with a sustained clinical response8,9. Infliximab trough concentration measurements during or shortly after induction may thus be used to identify undertreated patients and dose-optimize them.

Maintenance phase:

It has been shown that patients on maintenance therapy having sustained trough concentrations, are more likely to remain in remission than patients with undetectable trough concentrations10. Thus, regularly checking IFX trough concentrations during maintenance therapy may be useful to evaluate the IFX treatment schedule and make adjustments when necessary. On top, it has been shown that patients on maintenance therapy who lost response to infliximab have more benefit from individualized treatment based on the measured IFX serum concentrations than from an empirical strategy that uses all other available therapeutic options11.

Due to the dosing regimen, trough concentrations during induction w2 and w6 are higher and serum samples need to be diluted more compared to the maintenance phase in which trough concentrations between 0.5-12 μg/ml are common.

Immunogenicity

Secondary loss of response is often due to the development of anti-drug antibodies, because of the immunogenic character of the drug12. In the case of undetectable trough concentrations, subsequent measurement of anti-drug antibodies may be helpful to determine the optimal treatment strategy.

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INFLIXIMAB KIT 96 TESTS, REF. 710001

The ELISA kits offered by apDia are validated on open ELISA automates such as the Dynex Instruments.

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