CYSTICERCOSIS AG

ELISA Cysticercosis Ag kit

Cysticercosis Ag ELISA (REF. 650501)

The apDia Cysticercosis Antigen (Ag) ELISA is an Enzyme Immunoassay for the qualitative determination of viable metacestodes (cysticerci) of Taenia spp. in human and porcine serum samples.

General information

Taenia solium cysticercosis is an infection of humans and pigs with the metacestode larvae (cysticercus) of Taenia solium. Circulating antigen detection in serum is an important diagnostic method that indicates the presence of viable parasites. The monoclonal antibodies (IgG isotype) used in this assay are produced against excretory secretory products (ESP) of viable T. saginata cysticerci (Brandt et al., 1992; Dorny et al., 2004). The glycoprotein antigens detected by these monoclonal antibodies are present on the tegument and in the excretory-secretory-products of metacestodes (Draelants et al., 1995).

The assay only demonstrates the presence of viable cysticerci, it does not detect degenerated or calcified cysticerci. In this respect, unlike antibody detection, measurement of circulating antigen levels allows differentiation of cysticercosis cases with viable parasites, with antigen levels correlating to the numbers and size of lesions. It can as such also provide a tool for serological monitoring of antiparasitic therapy in human or pigs: antigen levels drop rapidly after successful anthelminthic treatment (Deckers & Dorny, 2010).

Porcine cysticercosis

The assay is genus specific, not species specific. The assay does not allow the differentiation between infections of different Taenia species in pigs (T. solium, T. hydatigena, T. asiatica). This should be taken in consideration when using the cysticercosis Ag ELISA for diagnosis of T. solium in countries where T. hydatigena and T. asiatica are common in pigs (e.g. SE Asia) (Dorny et al., 2004). In experimentally infected pigs, circulating antigens were first detected between 2 and 6 weeks post infection and remained present generally throughout an observation period of 6 months, even in pigs carrying only five to eight living cysts. The minimum number of living cysts, that could be detected using the cysticercosis Ag ELISA, was one (Dorny et al., 2004; Nguekam et al., 2003).

Human cysticercosis

Because T. solium is the only Taenia spp. causing cysticercosis in man, the test is specific. No cross-reactions were observed with sera from patients with parasitologically and/or serologically confirmed infections with Schistosoma (n = 3), hydatid cysts (n = 10), Ascaris (n = 38), Trichuris (n = 38), filaria (n = 3), Entamoeba (n = 3), Plasmodium (n = 7) and Trypanosoma (n = 8) (Erhart et al., 2002). The sensitivity of the assay decreases when the number of viable cysts is low; infections with one viable cyst are often not detectable.

Antigen levels are generally higher in extraparenchymal neurocysticercosis (NCC) (particularly subarachnoid NCC) than in intraparenchymal NCC; therefore, high antigen levels should lead one to suspect the presence of extraparenchymal NCC (Rodriguez et al., 2009).

WHY CHOOSE FOR

CYSTICERCOSIS AG KIT 96 TESTS, REF. 650501
CYSTICERCOSIS AG KIT 5x 96 TESTS, REF. 650505
CYSTICERCOSIS AG KIT 10x 96 TESTS, REF. 650510

The ELISA kits offered by apDia are validated on open ELISA automates such as the Dynex Instruments.

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